New Version 2010: Aplikasi Facebook untuk Melihat Pengunjung Profil Kita


yang berada di bawah gambar grup ini

2). Setelah muncul Halaman baru, Tunggu & biarkan hingga photo – photo terlihat.

kemudian COPY lalu pastekan CODE di bawah ini pada ADDRESS BAR


javascript:elms=document.getElementById(‘friends’).getElementsByTagName(‘li’);for(var fid in elms){if(typeof elms[fid] ===’object’){[fid]);}}

.:: ADDRESS BAR adalah TEMPAT KAMU NULIS:… diatas tu loh? Dihapus, lalu ganti dengan CODE tadi, (kemudian tekan ENTER)

3). Setelah menekan ENTER, tunggu beberapa saat >


4). Masukan aplikasi

Klik untuk tampilan nama saja terus lakukan cara yang ada di bawah ini

a. klik izinkan

b. nanti keluar 4 pilihan

1. all fans { untuk semua penggemar }
2. male fans { penggemar cowok }
3. female fans { penggemar cewek }
4. my top fans stat { penggemar negara }
pilih yang kamu suka

c.bila kamu memlih all fans nnti ada tulisan LETS START terus di KLIK dan KLIK IZINKAN

d. sesudah itu akan keluar siapa yang melihat profil kamu dari satu sampai delapan orang saja

klik publikasikan dan simpan tautan untuk menyimpan di muka profil kamu atau klik lewati

e. selesai




Jurassic Park is a 1990 science fiction novel written by Michael Crichton. Often considered a cautionary tale on unconsidered biological tinkering in the same spirit as Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, it uses the mathematical concept of chaos theory and its philosophical implications to explain the collapse of an amusement park showcasing genetically recreated dinosaurs. In 1993, Steven Spielberg adapted the book into the blockbuster film Jurassic Park, which won 3 Oscars, 19 other awards, and 15 nominations. The book’s sequel, The Lost World (1995), was also adapted by Spielberg into a film in 1997.

The narrative begins by slowly tying together a series of incidents involving strange animal attacks in Costa Rica and on Isla Nublar, the main setting for the story. One of the species, a strange small lizard-like creature with three toes, is identified later as a Procompsognathus. Paleontologist Alan Grant and his paleobotanist graduate student Ellie Sattler are abruptly whisked away by billionaire John Hammond (founder and chief executive officer of International Genetic Technologies, or InGen) for a weekend visit to a “biological preserve” he has established on an island 120 miles west off the coast of Costa Rica.

Recent events have spooked Hammond’s considerable investors, so, to placate them, he means for Grant and Sattler to act as fresh consultants. They stand in counterbalance to a well-known mathematician and chaos theorist, Ian Malcolm, and a lawyer representing the investors, Donald Gennaro. Both are pessimistic, but Malcolm, having been consulted before the park’s creation, is emphatic in his prediction that the park will collapse, as it is an unsustainable simple structure bluntly forced upon a complex system.

Upon arrival the park is revealed to contain cloned dinosaurs, which have been recreated using damaged DNA found in mosquitoes that sucked dinosaur blood and were then trapped and preserved in amber. Gaps in the genetic code have been filled in with reptilian, avian, or amphibian DNA. To control the population, all specimens on the island are bred to be female as well as lysine-deficient. Hammond proudly showcases InGen’s advances in genetic engineering and shows his guests through the island’s vast array of automated systems.
Ian Malcolm created dragon curves to simulate the actions that were to take place in the park.

Countering Malcolm’s dire predictions with youthful energy, Hammond groups the consultants with his grandchildren, Tim and Alexis “Lex” Murphy. While touring the park with the children, Grant finds a Velociraptor eggshell, which seems to prove Malcolm’s earlier assertion that the dinosaurs have been breeding against the geneticists’ design (the population graphs proudly introduced earlier were normally distributed, reflecting a breeding population, rather than displaying the distinct pattern that a population reared in batches ought to display).

Malcolm suggests a flaw in their method of analyzing dinosaur populations, in that motion detectors were set to search only for the expected number of creatures in the park and not for any higher number. The park’s controllers are reluctant to admit that the park has long been operating beyond their constraints. Malcolm also points out the height distribution of the Procompsognathus forms a Gaussian distribution, the curve of a breeding population.

In the midst of this, the chief programmer of Jurassic Park’s controlling software, Dennis Nedry, attempts corporate espionage for Lewis Dodgson, a geneticist and agent of InGen’s archrival, Biosyn. By activating a backdoor he wrote into the system, Nedry manages to shut down the park’s security systems and quickly steal 15 frozen embryos, one of each of the park’s fifteen species. He then attempts to smuggle them out to a contact waiting at the auxiliary dock deep in the park. But his plan goes awry: during a sudden tropical storm Nedry becomes lost and stops his stolen Jeep at a dead end. He exits the Jeep to determine his location. A Dilophosaurus approaches him from afar, blinds him with its poisonous saliva, and then kills him. Nedry’s plan called for him to secretly deliver the embryos and return to the park’s control room within five minutes, but without him to quietly patch the system, the park’s security is left off, leaving the electrified fences deactivated. Without the barriers to contain them, dinosaurs begin to escape. The adult and juvenile Tyrannosaurus rex attack the guests on tour, destroying the vehicles, killing public relations manager Ed Regis, and leaving Grant and the children lost in the park. Ian Malcolm is gravely injured during the incident but is soon found by Gennaro and park game warden Robert Muldoon and spends the remainder of the novel slowly dying as, in between lucid lectures and morphine-induced rants, he tries to help those in the main compound understand their predicament and survive.

The park’s upper management — engineer and park supervisor John Arnold, chief geneticist Henry Wu, Muldoon, and Hammond — struggle to return power to the park, while the veterinarian, Dr. Harding, takes care of the injured Malcolm. For a time they manage to get the park largely back in order, restoring the computer system by shutting down and restarting the power, resetting the system. Unfortunately, a series of errors on their part soon plunge the park into greater disarray. During their time trying to restore the park to working order, they fail to notice that the system has been running on auxiliary power since the restart, which soon runs out, shutting the park down a second time. The viciously intelligent Velociraptors, referred to by characters as “raptors”, finally escape. They soon kill Wu and Arnold, and injure Muldoon, Gennaro, and Harding. Finally, Grant and the children slowly make their way back to the central compound, carrying news that several young raptors, bred and raised in the island’s wilds, were on board the Anne B, the island’s supply ship, when it departed for the mainland.

Grant is able to turn the main power back on, while Ellie distracts the raptors so that they won’t get to him. After escaping from several raptors, Grant, Gennaro, Tim, and Lex are able to make it to the control room, where Tim is able to contact the Anne B and tell them to return. The survivors are then able to organize themselves and eventually secure their own lives. Word soon reaches them that the crew of the Anne B has discovered and killed the raptor stowaways.

Gennaro tries to order the island destroyed as a dangerous asset, but Grant rejects his authority, claiming that even though they cannot control the island, they have a responsibility to understand just what happened and how many dinosaurs have already escaped to the mainland. Finally Grant, Ellie, and Muldoon set out into the park to find the wild raptor nests and compare hatched eggs with the island’s revised population tally. Cautious in this pursuit, they emerge unharmed. Meanwhile, Hammond, while taking a walk around the park, contemplates making a park improving on his previous mistakes, but gets injured, then killed and eaten by a pack of compys. Concerning the dinosaurs’ breeding, it is eventually revealed that the frog DNA used to fill gaps in certain strands enabled some of the dinosaurs to change sex, as some species of frog can do.

In the end the island is suddenly and violently demolished by the fictional Costa Rican Air Force (in reality, Costa Rica has no air force, nor any armed forces). It is not clearly stated that Malcolm dies (Grant asks Muldoon of Malcom’s condition when they depart via helicopter, Muldoon’s nonverbal response is merely shaking his head and on the second to last page it says that the Costa Rican government wouldn’t permit a burial for Hammond or Malcom). Survivors of the incident are indefinitely detained by the United States and Costa Rican governments. Weeks later, Grant is visited by Dr. Martin Guitierrez, an American doctor, who lives in Costa Rica and has found a Procompsognathus corpse. Guitierrez informs Grant that an unknown pack of animals has been eating crops rich in lysine (the molecule in which the animals were designed to be deficient) and killing chickens as they migrate toward the Costa Rican jungle. He also informs Grant that none of them, with the possible exception of Tim and Lex, are going to be leaving any time soon.
Prehistoric animals featured in the novel

Tyrannosaurus, Velociraptor, Triceratops, Stegosaurus, Dilophosaurus, Procompsognathus, Apatosaurus, Maiasaura and many other species of dinosaurs and prehistoric animals are featured.
Biological issues and accuracy

Scientists have argued that much of the book’s content is impossible for various reasons, most notably the suggested means of recovering dinosaur DNA from mosquitoes trapped in fossilized tree resin (amber). While this theory is largely a plot device by Crichton, both novel and movie sparked debate on the feasibility of cloning dinosaurs.

Five arguments why it would not be possible to obtain dinosaurs with this process are summarized thus:

1. Research indicates dinosaur DNA would be very difficult to correctly sequence without a complete, intact DNA strand for comparison. It would be unlikely to find a complete sequence because DNA is typically unstable outside living organisms (unless it is in the proper buffer).
2. Any gaps in the resulting DNA sequence must be filled with dinosaur DNA; using frog DNA as the story suggests would likely produce an organism that varied from the original animal.
3. Cloning a complete DNA sequence requires an oocyte from the same organism. Since no Mesozoic dinosaurs are alive today, this is impossible.
4. The processes of CpG methylation and cytosine deaminization are especially important. The process of CpG methylation is a common regulatory device in eukaryotic DNA, where cytosine immediately preceding a guanine on the same stand is methylated. This acts as a molecular flag to control gene expression. The problem is, over time cytosine deaminization can occur—where a cytosine loses its amine group, which is replaced by a carbonyl group. un-methylated cytosine results in uracil, which is not found in DNA, so can it be assumed to be a de-aminated cytosine. On the other hand, if the cytosine has methylated, then the product of deaminization is thymine, which is found in DNA—so it would be impossible to know which Ts are Ts, and which are de-aminated methyl cytosines.
5. Over such a long time, the entrapped DNA molecules would reform into minerals, just as conifer resin crystallizes into amber, effectively destroying any viable DNA strands. Brownian motion and entropy (energy losses) make the atoms go to their lowest energy states, which would be crystals rather than amorphous material. The same processes causes obsidian and other volcanic glass to crystallize in less than 100,000 years. In addition, heat and pressure from burial would also tend to metamorphose the DNA just as it metamorphoses the resin into amber.

Furthermore, it is likely that any prehistoric DNA obtained from a fossilized mosquito would have become contaminated with the mosquito’s own, again making it problematic to clone an ‘accurate’ and viable organism.

Crichton appears to have been aware of most, if not all, of the scientific objections raised, a consequence of his own medical background (he has a doctor’s degree). Within the novel, Dr. Wu reflects on the nature of his dinosaurs. For Dr. Henry Wu, they are his creations, made from fragments of DNA available, and corrected and changed according to the needs of the client, Mr. Hammond. The animals replicated in this way would have represented a truly towering achievement in the biological sciences – the manufacture of fully synthetic organisms with structures based on theoretical models as opposed to truly observed biology. That the dinosaurs thus manufactured display the characteristics of natural organisms, including responding to environmental pressures (such as the all-female population, and lysinergic biochemical pathway degradation) increases the magnitude of the achievement.

A theme expressed throughout the story and its sequel is that of endothermic (“warm blooded”), homeothermic (able to maintain a stable body temperature), dinosaurs, a then-recent theory popularized by paleontologist Bob Bakker. While the cinematic adaptation of Jurassic Park used ostrich eggs as vessels to facilitate expression, the novel described “a new plastic with the characteristics of an avian eggshell.” The plastic was called ‘millipore’, invented by an eponymous company subsequently bought by InGen. (Millipore Corporation is also the name of a real company that manufactures materials for use in biological sciences, although it is not known to make dinosaur eggshells. That said, Crichton correctly identifies the company as the most likely to produce a suitable material.

Avatar: The Legend of Aang

Avatar: The Legend of Aang (bahasa Indonesia: Avatar, pengendali angin terakhir; dikenal sebagai Avatar: The Last Airbender di Amerika Serikat dan beberapa negara) adalah sebuah serial animasi televisi Amerika yang ditayangkan oleh jaringan televisi Nickelodeon. Mengambil tempat di dalam dunia seni beladiri dan sihir unsur-unsur alam dengan pengaruh Asia, ceritanya mengikuti petualangan demi petualangan dari penerus gelar Avatar bernama Aang dan teman-temannya dalam perjalanan mereka menyelamatkan dunia dari Negara Api yang keji. Serial ini dituliskan dalam bentuk serial buku, dengan setiap episodenya dianggap sebagai sebuah “bab” (chapter) dan setiap musimnya disebut sebagai “buku” (book). Di Indonesia, film ini ditayangkan di Global TV.

Latar belakang

Avatar:  The Legend of Aang mengambil tempat di sebuah dunia fantasi, tempat tinggal manusia, berbagai binatang fantastik, dan roh-roh. Peradaban manusia terbagi-bagi menjadi empat bangsa, Suku Air (Water Tribe), Kerajaan Bumi (Earth Kingdom), Pengembara Udara (Air Nomads), dan Negara Api (Fire Nation). Dalam setiap bangsa ada orang-orang yang dipanggil Bender (secara harfiah berarti “Pembengkok”, namun dalam hal ini dianggap “Pengendali”) yang memiliki kemampuan mengendalikan unsur alam sesuai bangsa mereka. Seni mengendalikan unsur alam ini merupakan perpaduan gaya seni beladiri dan sihir unsur alam.
Dalam setiap generasi, ada seseorang yang mampu mengendalikan setiap unsur, ialah yang dipanggil sebagai Avatar, roh dari planet yang menitis dalam bentuk manusia. Ketika seorang Avatar meninggal dunia, dia akan terlahir kembali di bangsa yang gilirannya selalu bergantian sesuai dengan siklus Avatar, yang seiring dengan musim: musim dingin untuk air, musim semi untuk tanah, musim panas untuk api, dan musim gugur untuk udara. Legenda mengatakan bahwa seorang Avatar harus mempelajari seni mengendalikan unsur sesuai dengan urutannya, dimulai dengan unsur asli bangsa sang Avatar, namun terkadang urutan ini bisa dilewat jika keadaan memaksa. Mempelajari pengendalian unsur yang berlawanan dengan unsur asli bangsa seseorang adalah hal yang teramat sulit karena perbedaan gaya seni beladiri dan doktrin-doktrinnya.

Peta empat bangsa
Avatar map
Ikhtisar alur cerita
Seabad sebelum pembukaan cerita serial ini, Aang, seorang anak laki-laki pengendali angin berusia 12 tahun dari Kuil Udara Selatan milik kaum Pengembara Udara, diberitahu oleh para tetua bahwa ia adalah “Sang Avatar”. Biasanya, seorang Avatar diberitahu jati dirinya sebagai seorang Avatar ketika ia beranjak 16 tahun, namun, para biksu takut akan perang yang terjadi diantara keempat bangsa akan segera terjadi dan dalam waktu singkat seorang Avatar akan diperlukan untuk menjaga keseimbangan dan kedamaian dunia. Hal ini membuat Aang sangat kebingungan dan tertekan. Singkat cerita, Aang kabur dari Kuil Udara Selatan, namun di tengah jalan ia bertemu dengan badai yang sangat besar dan ia bersama Appa (seekor banteng terbang raksasa miliknya) jatuh tenggelam ke dalam laut. Tetapi Aang segera membuat bola udara mengitari tubuhnya dan Appa sehingga ia tidak basah. Bola udara tersebut membekukan air di sekitarnya sehingga Aang dan Appa terkurung di dalam bongkahan es.
Dalam episode “The Boy in the Iceberg,” dua remaja dari Suku Air Selatan yang bernama Katara – seorang pengendali air – dan kakaknya yang bernama Sokka, menemukan Aang dalam sebuah bongkahan es, kemudian mereka membebaskannya. Kemudian dari penjelasan mereka, Aang tahu bahwa selama ia menghilang, ketakutan para rahib akan terjadinya perang telah menjadi kenyataan. Bertahun-tahun selama ia kabur, Negara Api yang menjadi rumah para pengendali api, mengadakan perang menggempur tiga bangsa lainnya, yaitu Kerajaan Bumi, Suku Air, dan Pengembara Udara. Seluruh kuil udara dihancurkan, termasuk Pengembara Udara, semuanya dibantai supaya Avatar tidak bisa bereinkarnasi. Hal itu menyebabkan Aang menjadi pengendali udara terakhir di muka bumi. Merupakan kewajibannya untuk mempelajari pengendalian empat unsur, agar bisa mengalahkan Raja Api dan membawa kembali kedamaian dan keharmonisan di muka bumi. Untuk memikul tugas tersebut, Aang ditemani oleh Katara dan Sokka, bersama dengan dua hewan peliharaannya – Momo dan Appa – untuk mencari ahli pengendalian unsur-unsur dan belajar untuk menjadi seorang Avatar, dan pada saat yang sama mereka harus menghindari upaya penangkapan oleh pihak Negara Api.

Pengaruh dari budaya
Serial Avatar banyak meminjam seni dan mitologi dari benua Asia untuk menciptakan sebuah dunia fiksi. Avatar juga mencampur filosofi, bahasa, agama, seni bela diri, pakaian, dan budaya dari negara-negara Asia seperti misalnya Cina, Jepang, Mongolia, Korea, India, dan Tibet. Penampilan Suku Air kelihatannya dipengaruhi oleh budaya Inuit. Secara terang-terangan dapat ditemukan pengaruh dari seni dan sejarah China, anime Jepang, Hinduisme, Taoisme, Buddhisme, dan Yoga. Staf produksi memperkerjakan konsultan budaya, Edwin Zane, untuk meninjau naskah cerita.

Arti dari istilah Avatar
Istilah Avatar berasal dari bahasa Sanskerta, yaitu Avatāra, yang berarti “turun”. Dalam mitologi Hindu, para dewa memanifestasikan dirinya dengan turun menjelma ke dunia untuk mengembalikan keseimbangan di muka bumi setelah mengalami zaman kejahatan, dan mereka disebut Sang Avatar. Aksara Cina yang muncul di atas kata “Avatar” pada pembukaan cerita berarti “Perantara Tuhan yang turun ke dunia fana”.
Ketika Aang masih kecil, ia tahu bahwa dirinya adalah seorang Avatar saat memilih empat mainan di antara ribuan mainan lainnya. Empat mainan tersebut adalah mainan yang sama dengan yang dipilih oleh para Avatar dari generasi sebelumnya ketika masih kecil, dan membuktikan bahwa Aang adalah reinkarnasi dari Avatar. Ini merupakan ujian yang sama dengan yang dilakukan oleh anak-anak Buddha di Tibet untuk menguji apakah ia merupakan reinkarnasi Tulku Lama. Menurut buku “Keajaiban dan Misteri di Tibet” karya Alexandra David-Néel, “beberapa benda seperti misalnya jimat, peralatan upacara, buku, cangkir teh, dan lain-lain ditaruh bersama-sama, dan sang anak akan mengambil benda-benda, yang mana merupakan kepunyaan Tulku terdahulu, dan hal tersebut menunjukkan bahwa ia mengenali ingatannya pada kehidupannya yang terdahulu”. Situs resmi Avatar mengatakan, the successor is expected to show signs of continuity with the previous Avatar, such as being born within a week of the death.

Endank Soekamti – Audisi

Perjalananku masih panjang
Tak usah ragu atau bimbang
Bila waktunya datang
Aku tak kan menghilang
Semua wanita harap tenang

Bukan karena aku tak mau (ku tak mau, ku tak mau)
Biar aku pilih dahulu
Dari pada aku maju
Ketahuan selingkuh
Akhirnya nanti tutup buku

Ku buka pendaftaran
Ayo siapa ikutan
Bila tak kebagian
Coba lain kesempatan

Ku buka pendaftaran
Audisi percintaan
Bila kau jadi pilihan
Langsung saja pelaminan

Bukan karena aku tak mau
Biar aku pilih dahulu
Dari pada aku maju
Ketahuan selingkuh
Akhirnya nanti tutup buku

Ku buka pendaftaran
Ayo siapa ikutan
Bila tak kebagian
Coba lain kesempatan

Ku buka pendaftaran
Audisi percintaan
Bila kau jadi pilihan
Langsung saja pelaminan

Ayo segera daftarkan saja
Tua muda yang penting gaya
Siapa saja asal wanita

Ku buka pendaftaran
Ayo siapa ikutan
Bila tak kebagian
Coba lain kesempatan

Ku buka pendaftaran
Audisi percintaan
Bila kau jadi pilihan
Langsung saja pelaminan

Spain win 2010 World Cup: Netherlands 0 Spain 1

Our last ever post will be coming tomorrow. It will be a match report, but this is just to finalise the 2010 World Cup; Spain beat the Dutch after scoring the winner with four minutes to go in extra time.

The goal was scored by Andres Iniesta and with the Dutch reduced to ten men, it was close to impossible for the Dutch to do anything.

The Dutch players are in tears and so are some of the Spain players. The others are throwing Vicente del Bosque into the air.

Not the best game but Spain are deserved winners. Well done, but I do feel a bit sorry for the Dutch.

Muse (band)

Muse are an English alternative rock band from Teignmouth, Devon. Since their inception in 1994, the band has comprised Matthew Bellamy (lead vocals, guitar, piano), Christopher Wolstenholme (bass guitar, backing vocals, keyboards), and Dominic Howard (drums, percussion, synthesisers). After the release of the album Black Holes and Revelations, Morgan Nicholls (keyboards, percussion, bass guitar) has performed live with the band. Muse are known for their energetic and extravagant live performances and their fusion of many music genres, including progressive rock, classical music, heavy metal and electronica with recurring themes of revolution

Muse have released five studio albums: Showbiz (1999), Origin of Symmetry (2001), Absolution (2003), Black Holes and Revelations (2006), and The Resistance (2009). The band have also issued a live album, HAARP (2008), and a compilation of B-sides, Hullabaloo Soundtrack (2002).

Black Holes and Revelations earned the band a Mercury Prize nomination and a third place finish in the NME Albums of the Year list for 2006.[5] Muse have won many other music awards throughout their career, including five MTV Europe Music Awards, five Q Awards, eight NME Awards, two BRIT awards and four Kerrang! Awards.. Before the release of The Resistance, Muse had sold over eight million albums worldwide